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Pinnaceae - Winter Tree Identification

Followthe links on left to see more facts and photos about each tree, then use then use Pinnaceae link to return to this page.

Abies cilicica - Cilician Fir

  

Abies cilicica - Cilician fir Abies cilicica - Cilician fir Abies cilicica - Cilician fir branches, needles, branchlets
Abies concolor - White fir

  

 Abies concolor - White fir  Abies concolor - White fir  Abies concolor - White fir
Larix decidua - European larch

  

Larix decidua - European larch closeup of cones in winter Larix decidua - European larch cones and spurs in winter, shows clusters of needles Larix decidua - European larch whole tree
Larix laricina - American larch (Tamarack)

  

Larix larcina - Tamarack, American larch cone in winter Larix larcina - American larch, Tamarack, cone, twigs and spurs in winter Larix larcina - American larch, Tamarack full tree
Picea abies - Norway spruce

  

Picea abies - Norway spruce brown unopened pine cone that fell to ground Picea abies - Norway spruce closeup of single branchlet with needles and texture in branchlet Picea abies - Norway spruce drooping branchlets
Picea glauca - White spruce

  

Picea glauca- White Spruce cones are small at ends of branchlets. Picea glauca- White Spruce branch cutting Picea glauca- White Spruce immature cone with resin hanging from end of branchlet.
Picea omorika - Serbian spruce

  

Picea omorika - Serbian spruce - winter photos, cones Picea omorika - Serbian spruce - winter photos, form, leaves, buds, stems, branchlets Picea omorika - Serbian spruce - winter photos, form
Picea pungens - Colorado spruce

  

Picea pungens - Colorado spruce cone. Picea pungens - Colorado spruce terminal buds. Picea pungens - Colorado spruce branch and branchlets.
Pinus aristata - Bristlecone Pine

  

Pinus aristata - Bristlecone pine - photo of pine cone

Pinus aristata - Bristlecone pine - needles with resinous flecks in groups of 5
  • 5 needles per fasicle
  • tufted appearance
  • white resinous flecks on needles
  • retention of several years of needles
Pinus aristata - Bristlecone pine form and habit, plant is very slow growing.
Pinus banksiana - Jack Pine

  

Pinus banksiana - Jack pine tree cones in winter
  • cones generally curve toward the branch and point toward the tip of the branch
  • cones may remain sealed and on the branch for many years
Pinus banksiana - Jack pine tree branches, leaves and cones in winter
  • 2 needles per fasicle
  • needles form a "V", may have twist
  • needles yellow-green in winter
  • needles short
Pinus banksiana - Jack pine tree winter form and habit
Pinus bungeana - Lacebark Pine

  

Pinus bungeana - Lacebark Pine Pinus bungeana - Lacebark Pine Pinus bungeana - Lacebark Pine
Pinus cembra - Swiss Stone Pine

  

Pinus cembra - Swiss stone pine leaves, needles Pinus cembra - Swiss stone pine leaves, needles
  • 5 needles per fasicle
  • stomatal lines on underside
  • serrated margins
  • new stems covered with orange-brown hairs
Pinus cembra - Swiss Stone Pine tree winter form and habit
Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' - Japanese Red Pine, Tanyosho Pine
Pinus densiflora  'Umbraculifera' - Japanese Red Pine cone. Pinus densiflora  'Umbraculifera' - Japanese Red Pine bright green needles in pairs.
  • 2 needles per fasicle
  • twisted, soft and serrated
  • bright green needle
Pinus densiflora  'Umbraculifera' - Japanese Red Pine tree form.
  • bark peels to reveal a reddish color
Pinus flexilis - Limber Pine

  

Pinus flexilis - Limber pine Pinus flexilis - Limber pine
  • 5 needles per fasicle
  • stems noticeably stouter than Pinus strobus
Pinus flexilis - Limber pine
Pinus mugo - Swiss Mountain Pine, Mugo Pine

  

Pinus mugo - Swiss Mountain Pine or Mugo Pine cones are very small Pinus mugo - Swiss Mountain Pine or Mugo Pine leaves and terminal buds
  • 2 needles per fasicle
Pinus mugo - Swiss Mountain Pine or Mugo Pine habit
Pinus nigra - Austrian Pine

  

Pinus nigra - Austrian Pine dried, open cone Pinus nigra - Austrian Pine leaves and terminal buds
  • Large white and brown bud with floret appearance
  • 2 needles per fasicle
Pinus nigra - Austrian Pine form

 

 

Pinus parviflora - Japanese White Pine

  

Pinus parviflora - Japanese white pine winter ID photos
  • cones similar to Pinus strobus but shorter
Pinus parviflora - Japanese white pine winter ID photos
  • 5 needles per fasicle
Pinus parviflora - Japanese white pine winter ID photos
  • white edge of cone is distinctive
Pinus ponderosa - Ponderosa Pine

  

Pinus ponderosa - Ponderosa
  • oval cone
  • sharp often recursive prickles
Pinus ponderosa - Ponderosa pine needles in cluster of 3
  • 3 or 2 needles per fasicle
  • needles minutely serrated
  • needles sharply pointed
Pinus ponderosa - Ponderosa pine tree habit

Pinus resinosa - Red Pine

  

Pinus resinosa - Red Pine bark of older tree Pinus resinosa - Red Pine tree needle clusters at end of branches and close up photo of old cones still on the tree
  • 2 needles per fasicle
  • needles snap easily when bent
Pinus resinosa - Red Pine tree, stand of tall trees with no lower branches.
  • stand of tall Red Pine trees
  • bark peels to reveal a reddish color
Pinus rigida - Pitch Pine

  

Pinus rigida - Pitch pine cone Pinus rigida - Pitch pine winter buds Pinus rigida - Pitch pine winter full tree
Pinus strobus - Eastern white pine

  

Pinus sylvestris - Scots pine, Scotch pine

  

Pinus sylvestris - Scots pine, pine cones

Pinus sylvestris - Scots pine, needles and buds
  • 2 needles per fasicle
  • needles have twist
Pinus sylvestris - Scots pine, needles and buds
  • bark peels to reveal a reddish-orange color
Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas-fir

  

Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas-fir - Picture of dried cone with trident shaped bracts. Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas-fir - Photos of branch, needles and pointed winter buds. Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas-fir - Photos of form and habit.
Tsuga canadensis - Eastern Hemlock

  

Tsuga canadensis - Eastern Hemlock - open pine cone Tsuga canadensis - Eastern Hemlock - needles and pine cones Tsuga canadensis - Eastern Hemlock - Photos of form and habit.
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Karren Wcisel © copyright 2004 - 2012

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Please ask for permission before using my photographs. Larger sizes and additional photographs of the tree are often available.

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